Visual Analysis of Genomic and Clinical Data from Large Patient Cohorts

Abstract

Comprehensive large cohort studies that collect a wide variety of genomic, epigenomic and clinical data are increasingly commonplace in the life sciences. While large sample sizes are still limited to well-funded consortia, the continuous cost decrease of data acquisition will allow individual labs to create larger datasets with fewer resources and will make genomic data analysis for the diagnosis of patients feasible. While this opens unprecedented possibilities for understanding the molecular processes underlying many diseases, it also poses challenges, especially with respect to data analysis and data management. There is a high demand for better analysis and visualization methods to keep pace with the increasing amount of data. At the same time, these data acquisition methods will also revolutionize the discovery and diagnosis of rare diseases. The integration of genomics data with extensive patient records and large patient cohorts promises diagnosis and potentially treatment to those with rare or undiagnosed diseases. In this project we will create novel methods and provide unique software tools that will meet this significant demand. Our methods are a departure from existing visualization approaches that are typically focused on visualizing particular molecular and clinical data types while neglecting the context of a patient cohort. Our proposed approach is distinguished from previous work by taking into account these complex relationships between patients in a cohort. In addition, our approach is the first to integrate genomic data at all scales while supporting the interactive analysis, creation and refinement of patient subsets. We will address this challenge by

  • developing visualization techniques, deeply integrated with algorithmic support, to identify and characterize disease subtypes. Specifically, we will develop methods that will allow clinical and experimental investigators to go beyond analyzing simple relationships, creating the potential to reveal the less obvious and indirect molecular causes of many diseases.

  • We will create novel visualizations that employ algorithms to select and display important genomic characteristics and the patient’s clinical history to study and diagnose rare diseases.

  • We will create a framework to support the development of web-based visual exploration tools, which we will use to create the visualizations for subtype and rare disease analysis.

Additionally, we will also make this framework available for the community to use for other tools. This will allow future projects to produce visual analysis methods that scale to the challenges of big data with less engineering overhead. This project will be a close collaboration between a team of computational (epi) genomics and cancer researchers in the laboratory of the Principal Investigator Peter Park at the Harvard Medical School and data visualization experts in the laboratory of the Co-Investigator Hanspeter Pfister at the Harvard School of Engineering and Applied Sciences. This team possesses the unique combination of expertise that is required to successfully address the challenges that motivate this application.

Publications

Lineage screenshot

Carolina Nobre, Nils Gehlenborg, Hilary Coon, Alexander Lex
Lineage: Visualizing Multivariate Clinical Data in Genealogy Graphs
IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics, early access, 2018

Juniper screenshot

Carolina Nobre, Marc Streit, Alexander Lex
Juniper: A Tree+Table Approach to Multivariate Graph Visualization
IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics (InfoVis ’18), early access, 2019

Coresets screenshot

Yan Zheng, Yi Ou, Alexander Lex, Jeff M. Phillips
Visualization of Big Spatial Data using Coresets for Kernel Density Estimates
IEEE Symposium on Visualization in Data Science (VDS '17), to appear, 2017

Taggle screenshot

Katarina Furmanova, Samuel Gratzl, Holger Stitz, Thomas Zichner, Miroslava Jaresova, Martin Ennemoser, Alexander Lex, Marc Streit
Taggle: Scalable Visualization of Tabular Data through Aggregation
arXiv preprint, 2017

Graffinity screenshot

Ethan Kerzner, Alexander Lex, Crystal Lynn Sigulinsky, Timothy Urness, Bryan William Jones, Robert E. Marc, Miriah Meyer
Graffinity: Visualizing Connectivity In Large Graphs
Computer Graphics Forum (EuroVis '17), 2017

Display-Space screenshot

Thomas Geymayer, Manuela Waldner, Alexander Lex, Dieter Schmalstieg
How Sensemaking Tools Influence Display Space Usage
EuroVis Workshop on Visual Analytics (EuroVA '17), 2017

Pathfinder screenshot

Christian Partl, Samuel Gratzl, Marc Streit, Anne Mai Wassermann, Hanspeter Pfister, Dieter Schmalstieg, Alexander Lex
Pathfinder: Visual Analysis of Paths in Graphs
Computer Graphics Forum (EuroVis '16), 2016
 EuroVis 2016 Honorable Mention Award

Vials screenshot

Hendrik Strobelt, Bilal Alsallakh, Joseph Botors, Brant Peterson, Mark Borowsky, Hanspeter Pfister, Alexander Lex
Vials: Visualizing Alternative Splicing of Genes
IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics (InfoVis ’15), 2016

Funded by

National Institutes of Health (NIH)

Number

 U01 CA198935

Program

BD2K

Period

2015-2018

Principal Investigator

  • Peter J. Park

Co-Investigator(s):

Institutions:

  • Harvard Medical School
  • Harvard Paulsen School of Engineering and Applied Sciences
  • University of Utah (Subcontract)

Awarded Amount:

$ 1,524,005

Share at Utah:

$ 243,966

Last Updated

2018-02-23